The 2020 National Education Policy (NEP) was introduced in July 2020 by then Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank. The policy that talks about a complete overhaul of the education system is still being rolled out. Some of the most important standards that will change the education system as we know it will be highlighted this year. From ABC to multiple entry-exit to common testing for different government jobs, several suggested initiatives will be rolled out by July of this year. Here are a few:
Academic bank credit
The Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) set up by the University Grants Commission (UGC) allows students to have multiple entry and exit options. This means that those enrolled in undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs will be allowed to leave a course and re-enter within a specified time frame. It will allow learners to open online university bank accounts in which the period of time they have entered and exited an individual would be mentioned.
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It would also encourage a blended learning mode and allow them to obtain credits from various higher education institutions registered under this program and through SWAYAM. Under this program, the student can earn up to 50% credits outside of their college or university.
“The flexibility of the academic programs will allow students to seek employment after any level of reward and re-enroll where possible to improve their qualification and also reduce the dropout rate and improve the gross enrollment rate. (TBS) in higher education, “said an official statement from the Prime Minister. Modi said when he launched the ABC.
Restructuring of school education
The Education Ministry announced that new curricula for schools, early childhood care and education (ECCE), teachers and adult education will be developed. A committee of 12 members has been formed for the same which will be headed by K Kasturirangan. The Fifth National Curriculum Framework (NCF) will be formed with the recommendations of NEP 2020 in mind. Additionally, NCERT would reduce the curriculum for all grades.
“According to the outlook of NEP 2020, the committee will develop four national program frameworks, namely the national program framework for school education, the national program for early childhood care and education, the national program framework for teacher training and the national curriculum framework for adults. Education, âthe Ministry of Education said.
Four-year undergraduate programs (FYUP) will allow students to choose between a three-year Honors degree or a four-year Honors degree or a four-year Honors degree in a discipline with research when entering college. The University of Delhi has been planning to implement the same as of this year, although it has faced opposition from students and academics who say it would increase tuition fees and people from disadvantaged backgrounds would be disadvantaged.
The Common Entrance Test to Central Universities (CUCET) also offered under NEP 2020 is a common entrance test to be taken for admissions to UG courses in colleges. The review model should focus on skill building rather than academics. DU plans to set up an entrance exam from this year for its UG courses.
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CET for recruitment exams
The National Recruitment Agency (ANR) will be set up by the government, which will organize the common entrance test (CET) from this year. It will replace several recruiting exams, including IBPS, RRB and SSC, and would only hold one. It was due to start before the end of 2021, however, it is delayed. The NRA will be headed by a president with the rank of secretary to the Indian government. It will include representatives from the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Finance / Department of Financial Services, SSC, RRB and IBPS. It will take place in 12 languages ââand twice a year in online mode. The score will be valid for three years.
More mother tongue lessons
As part of NEP 2020, the government pushed for more courses in higher education to be implemented in local languages. UGC has translated several books from English to regional languages, especially for engineering students. According to the commission, those who opt for native language courses would be able to develop critical thinking and better understand knowledge systems with this initiative.
Meanwhile, Karnataka launched NEP 2020 on August 23, 2021, becoming the first state to do so. The state government has launched various initiatives, including inserting online courses into curricula, revising college programs, authorizing multiple programs, working with foreign universities for college programs. student exchange, more sports education and the possibility for students to study interdisciplinary courses.
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